An independent government advisory panel known as the Expert Council on Integration and Migration (SVR) proposed in its annual report that Germany should create a climate passport for people who are displaced as a result of climate change. It argued that as a high emitter, Germany has a special responsibility to not only reduce its emissions but also aid countries that are disproportionally affected. A climate passport would be one way to do this, in addition to a climate card and a climate work visa. A passport would enable displaced persons whose entire territory was lost, to take up permanent residence. The climate card and climate work visa would offer temporary shelter in Germany during climate catastrophes, with the intention of displaced persons returning after the catastrophe had resolved.