Civil Society organisations are legally challenging the Musina Makhado Special Economic Zone in Limpopo, South Africa. The operating entity, MMSEZ SOC, is a state owned company, and is wholly owned by the Limpopo Economic Development Agency. The latter is also the same government authority that granted an environmental authorisation to proceed with the development. It is anticipated that the project will generate over 1 billion tonnes of CO2e over its lifetime. This is more than 10% of South Africa’s annual carbon budget. The court is being asked to review and set aside the environmental organisation granted to the facility.